A stage reading of a new play in development is an intermediate phase between a cold reading, with the cast usually sitting around a table, and a full production. A narrator may read stage directions aloud.
The purpose is to gauge the effectiveness of the dialogue, pacing and flow, and other dramatic elements that the playwright or director may wish to adjust. Audience feedback contributes to the process.
Stage readings that include members of Actors' Equity in the cast are governed by that union's Stage Reading Guidelines. A screenplay in development that relies to a significant degree on dialogue rather than action may sometimes be given a stage reading, as a way to attract potential investors or to rehearse. As a form of public performance, the stage reading of a film script is like performing a radio play before a live audience, with emphasis on the use of imagination and on voice acting, which might require theatre actors and voice-over artists.
Reader's theatre is the stage reading of a fully developed or classic play, when the reading is itself the performance. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Screenplay.
Dowling grabbed the role of Tom for himself and persuaded Laurette Taylor to take on the role of Amanda. Bringing her into The Glass Menagerie was both a great coup and a substantial gamble. A shadowy Chicago entrepreneur whose main business was running seedy hotels financed the production.
Legend has it that the rehearsals for the play did not inspire optimism; for one thing, Taylor seemed in constant danger of forgetting her lines. Opening night was December 26, Not long before the curtain rose, the cast and crew panicked when they could not find Ms. She was quickly discovered, however, in the bathroom, attempting to put on a bathrobe that she was to wear later in the play. Taylor, along with the other cast members, went on to give a magnificent performance.
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The next day, newspaper critics raved about the play and its cast. Oddly, though, attendance was sparse for the remainder of the first week. Within another couple of weeks, The Glass Menagerie was playing to full houses. Maureen Stapleton met the same fate playing Amanda on Broadway in The success of the ABC production points to an important aspect of the play: the cinematic quality of its staging. Even the words that appear on the screen have something in common with the titles of silent films.
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Nonetheless, the two film versions of the play were relatively lackluster. A film version, directed by Irving Rapper and starring Gertrude Lawrence as Amanda, manufactured a happier ending for the story; critics and Williams himself hated it. In , Paul Newman directed a talented cast John Malkovich as Tom, Joanne Woodward as Amanda, Karen Allen as Laura in another film version, which met with reviews that ranged from lukewarm to hostile. Almost all performances of The Glass Menagerie have followed the Acting Edition of the play, created to reflect the dialogue and staging of the first production.
The Acting Edition calls for more realistic lighting and over 1, minor changes in the dialogue. Its most significant difference from the Reading Edition, however, is its elimination of the screen on which words and images are periodically projected.
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Eddie Dowling, the director of the first production, found the screen device awkward, and subsequent directors have largely concurred, calling it pretentious and condescending, choosing to stage the play without it. One of the few productions to follow the Reading Edition, leaving the screen intact, was directed by the theater critic Geoffrey Borny in Australia.
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The Glass Menagerie by: Tennessee Williams. Themes Motifs Symbols Key Facts.
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Context Tennessee Williams was born in Columbus, Mississippi, in Take the Context Quick Quiz. Previous Next Full Book Quiz. By Elodie.